Foot surgery can be used to correct a number of foot deformities and injuries. However, in most cases surgery is a last recourse after all other treatment options have been exhausted. In these cases, the surgery will usually still be followed by conservative care treatments to ensure optimum recovery. Foot surgery can be used to repair tendons, treat skin and nail conditions, and fix problems with the bones. Due to the complexity of the foot, it is important that you use a surgeon with the skills and training necessary to perform these procedures.
Foot Surgery Procedures
Foot surgeries are as varied as the conditions they are used to treat. They can be performed under local or general anesthesia. Recovery times vary widely depending on the nature and severity of the operation being performed. Foot surgeries can be some of the most difficult to recover from, as they often require immobilization and are more prone to infection than other areas of the body. If you live in the Astoria or Forest Hills area and think you may need foot surgery, a consultation with Dr. Samandarov can be the first step towards finding out. Some common conditions treated using foot and ankle surgery include:
Bunions occur on the outside of the big toe due to improper movement, usually a result of heredity. They can be surgically removed to alleviate pain and correct deformities in the toes. The bones of the big toe will usually be returned to their proper positions as well.
2. Diabetic Foot
People with diabetes can suffer from a condition known as Charcot collapse of the foot. If the condition becomes severe, foot surgery can be used to realign the bones of the foot to their proper positions.
3. Flat Foot
Flat foot can often lead to issues with the tendon in the arch of the foot. Surgery can be used to repair torn tendons and, in some cases, fuse bones or realign the heel bone.
4. Hammer Toe
This condition occurs when the joints of the smaller toes contract or bend in place. In severe cases, surgery can be used to remove a small portion of bone from the affected joint.
5. Nail Disorders
Chronic nail problems, such as ingrown nails and fungal infections that continue to recur, are sometimes corrected surgically. The nail can be removed temporarily or permanently depending on the nature of the problem.
6. Plantar Warts
Warts that do not respond to freezing or topical treatments can be removed surgically. Using local anesthesia, Dr. Samandarov can remove the wart using a scalpel, electric needle, or laser.
7. Tendon Rupture
Torn tendons almost always require surgery to repair. The tendon ends can be surgically reattached if no gap has formed between them. If the gap is too large, a graft can be taken from another tendon to fill in the distance between the tendon ends.
Some conditions, such as the removal of plantar warts, can be performed with local anesthetics and are minimally invasive. Others, such as bunion removal, are complex procedures that require the removal of tissue and the realignment of bones. The nature of your foot surgery will depend on your individual condition.
Foot Surgery Recovery
Recovery times will vary from procedure to procedure, but some aspects are the same for any surgery. Because the feet are being treated, it can be especially difficult to keep the dressings clean and dry. However, it is extremely important that you do so in order to prevent infection. The foot will usually be immobilized for some time, necessitating the use of crutches or a walking cast to get around. With most surgeries, physical therapy and custom orthotics or braces will be used to strengthen the affected area and promote proper movement in the foot. With surgeries to repair Achilles tendon ruptures, physical therapy will be necessary to improve the condition of the tendon and will usually begin as soon as possible following surgery. As with any surgical procedure, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions to ensure the best recovery possible. Dr. Samandarov will advise you on the specifics of your foot surgery recovery.